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Tierra del Fuego National Park, Argentina
Tierra del Fuego is Argentina's most southern park, encompassing a variety of landscapes
which range from the Andes mountains on the Chilean border to the north-west and the Beagle
Channel with the Lapataia and Ensenada bays with steep shores and quiet beaches to the
south-west. Two types of trees dominate this Park, the deciduous lenga and the evergreen
guindo. Amongst the trees grow mosses and ferns and in between the afforested areas are
peat bogs. The peaty ground means that several of the lakes look black even though the
water is clean.
Besides the fabulous flora to be found (including orchids and puffballs in the spring),
Tierra del Fuego is a bird-watcher's paradise. On the various lakes and the seashore are
found an enormous range of birdlife which are easy to identify and many do not seem to fear
people and so it is possible to get close enough to identify markings without the use of
|On the shore it is possible to see the huge albatross flying over the sea with
the small petrels ducking in and out of the water. On land are the kelp geese, magellanic
oystercatchers, crested ducks, great grebe and steamer ducks. Woodpeckers
can be found in the forests.|
Living alongside these beautiful birds but with all four feet planted firmly on the ground
are the guanaco (closely related to the camel, reddish brown in colour) and the large red
fox that is endemic to the area, as well as the rare magellanic sea otter.
There are several non-indigenous mammals such as rabbits, musk rat and beaver which are all
thriving. Unfortunately, fascinating as the beaver is, it is doing a lot of damage to the
trees, not only felling them but by creating large dams many of the trees are drowning due
to their roots being water-logged all year round. Sad as this is, it is amazing to see what
these remarkable creatures can achieve.
|Shell-fish is abundant on the seashore and it is still possible to find
piles of discarded mussel shells which have been entangled together by grasses growing
amongst them. These piles are indicative of where the original aboriginal people, the
Yamana Indians, made their homes. The oldest of these on Salmon Island is thought to date
from 250 AD.|
For those travelling in the winter-time (June to October) skiing is excellent at the nearby
resort of Ushuaia. Other activities include scuba diving in the Beagle Channel, Ice skating on
an open air lake, langlauf and husky dog sledding.
During the summer months horse riding,
mountain trekking and walking, canoeing and rafting
are all options open to the traveller. Please enquire about any of the activities for
which you would like further information
Skiing Holidays, Cultural Tours and Hillwalking/Hiking/Trekking in Argentina, South America.
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